Friday, 21 June 2013

Ancient Egypt Report

WALT: write an information report

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt is in the north east  Africa.

The Great Pyramid Of Giza
King Khufu’s tomb was built inside the Great Pyramid of Giza. Built from 2580-2560 BCE. The great pyramid of Giza is the last seven wonders of the world. The Egyptians kept building pyramids for their pharaohs after the great pyramid of Giza was built. However,  they were never as big or well designed as the pyramid of Giza.

Contributions To Time
Egyptians had a lot of contributions to time. The clock where they equally divided the day into 12 hours. Then further divided it into 24 hours putting day and night together. Then the water clock, water from a container drips through a hole into a container with marks. Those marks indicated the hours passed. Then the shadow clock were based on the shadow from a bar crossing four marks, representing hourly periods starting two hours into the day. At midday, when the sun was at its highest point the shadow clock would be reversed and hours counted down to dusk.

Ancient Egyptians mummified their dead. They first removed the insides such as the brain but not the heart. Then the body was salted and dried. Cloth was stuffed inside the body to keep its shape. The body was then oiled and wrapped with bandages. The bandages was tightly wrapped to stop the body from rotting away. The process was always supervised by a priest, to send the dead person's spirit into the afterlife. Special instruments were used to touch parts of the body. Then mummies were placed in sometimes just an ordinary wooden box, and sometimes the wooden box was beautifully decorated. Important people such as pharaohs were placed into a stone coffin.

There are 138 pyramids discovered in Egypt as of 2008. The ancient Egyptians built pyramids as tombs for the pharaohs and their queens. The pharaohs were buried in pyramids of many different shapes and sizes from before the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the end of the Middle Kingdom.

A Sphinx
A sphinx is a statue made out of limestone. It has a head of a animal and a body of a lion. With 72m long and 20m high. Its the longest statue in Egypt.

Nile River
The Nile River is believed to be the longest river in the world. Although it is associated with Egypt, only 22% runs through Egypt. It is approximately 6,695 kilometers. Most egyptians lived near the Nile to provide them with food, water, transportation and excellent soil for their growings. Egyptians couldn’t live without the nile. Because rainfall almost non-existent in Egypt, the floods provided the only source of moisture to sustain crops.


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